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General Neuro- and Bio-feedback

Complementary Modalities, by S. Othmer
"Neurofeedback promotes an integrative perspective, but we need to take this even farther. We have found a number of modalities helpful in complementing what we do in the office and in home training with EEG training. The technologies below are listed roughly in the order of their importance to our clients..."
—Download the full article here.
Neurofeedback and Ayahuasca: A More Effective Program for Personal Growth, by L. Stoller
"The long-term value of any personal growth program depends on its permanent benefits. The program described here aims to make positive changes stick. This problem of holding on to one's insights comes up in the context of the Ayahuasca ceremony, a transformative experience centered around an hallucinogenic brew used by South American tribes since antiquity..."
—Download the full article here, or view it at FutureHealth here.
Riding the Brain's Waves, by K. Granger
"A lot of this whole field has been built on medical remediation—that’s where the patients come from, what society expects, what doctors are familiar with, and I frankly don’t think that’s the promise of it...Very little of it’s understood," says Stoller, "and I think that’s very important. Because if you think you understand it, and you know what it’s going to be used for, then you foreclose all the good questions that no one has answers to."
— Download the full article here, of view it on the Chronogram's web site here.
What Is Neurofeedback? by D.C. Hammond
"In the late 1960's and 1970's we learned that it was possible to recondition and retrain brainwave patterns. Some of this work began with the training of alpha brainwave activity for relaxation, while other work originating at UCLA focused on uncontrolled epilepsy. This training is called EEG biofeedback or neurofeedback. Before discussing this in more detail, let me provide you with some preliminary information about brainwaves..."
— Download the full article here.
Wired for Miracles? by J. Robbins
"The branch of the field known as EEG biofeedback has remained more controversial. Indeed, only in the last few years has this approach attracted widespread research interest or clinical use. Its premise: that many conditions -- from learning disabilities to depression to panic attacks -- can be helped by teaching patients how to alter their brainwave patterns... Those on the cutting edge of this twenty-first century treatment believe its potential applications may be unlimited..."
—Download the full article here.

Performance enhancement

A Cure for the Rhythm Blues, by L. Greene
"Magnetic Resonance Images showed certain areas of the brain become active while using the (interactive) metronome - areas that help control motor and cognitive skills...The belief is that the metronome helps those areas operate more efficiently, or helps them stimulate new parts of the brain to take over jobs from injured areas. 'We're going back to the basic wiring of the brain and retiming it,' Alpiner said. 'The brain starts to resynchronize itself.'..."
—Download the full article here.
Getting Your Head in the Game, by R. Adams
"Members of Italy’s World Cup-winning soccer team have done it. A starting quarterback in the NFL has tried it out. And so has Jordan Kreuter, an 18-year- old golfer in North Carolina. The thing they have in common: They’ve all turned to neurofeedback, a technique that promises to help athletes reprogram their brains so they can reach a zone of relaxed concentration during clutch situations..."
—Download the full article here.
Improve Mental Health with Neurofeedback, by B. Greteman
"After years on the outskirts of medical respectability, neurofeedback has been vindicated by a growing body of evidence showing its potentially remarkable benefits to everyone from elite athletes and musicians to violent criminals and children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder..."
—Download the full article here.
Long Distance Brain Waves Focus Attention, from the McGovern Institute
"Just as our world buzzes with distractions - from phone calls to e-mails to tweets - the neurons in our brain are bombarded with messages. Research has shown that when we pay attention, some of these neurons begin firing in unison, like a chorus rising above the noise..."
—Download the full article here.

Treating Addiction

An Overview of Alpha-Theta Neurofeedback and Its Treatment Effectiveness for Substance Abuse, by C. Fisher
"The research discussed herein suggests that Alpha-theta neurofeedback may be an effective treatment for notoriously difficult-to-treat substance abuse populations known for high relapse rates... I believe that the published research so far justifies alpha-theta neurofeedback as a viable treatment option for persons who abuse substances, particularly for those who have not responded to other treatments..."
—Download the full article here.
Neurofeedback for Addictions: The State of the Science, by A. Collins
"Neurofeedback can improve addictions treatment outcomes and lead to better results than the best mainstream approaches now available. The evidence for this is good and likely will be better when the results of some on-going studies reach peer-reviewed journals..."
—Download the full article here.
Neurofeedback, Growth, and Habit, by L. Stoller

"Western therapies fail to appreciate the breadth and depth of addiction. This must change for the benefit of culture generally, for the benefit of all of us who are addicted, and not just for the remediation of substance abuse. Western therapies have not identified whom they serve, whether it’s the corporate, state, and healthcare institutions, or the individual, family, and culture. Traditional healing unequivocally serves the individual, family, and culture. We should too."
—Download the full article here, or view it at FutureHealth here.

Performance enhancement

Using Alpha/Theta Training for Enhancing Creativity and Well-Being, T. Boynton, 2001
"This study utilized an 8-week repeated-measures experimental design to investigate the effects of EEG biofeedback on the willful use of hypnagogia for increasing creativity and well-being...flexibility in thinking... was significantly increased for all participants. Well-being... also significantly increased for all participants..."
—Download the abbreviated article here.
Improvements in IQ Score and Maintenance of Gains Following EEG Biofeedback..., M. Fleischman, and S. Othmer, 2005
Full Scale IQ scores increased 22 and 23 points after treatment and were maintained at three follow-up retests over a 52-month period. ADHD symptom checklists ... showed a similar pattern of improvement ... The results are discussed in the context of other studies of EEG biofeedback also showing improved intelligence following EEG biofeedback.
—Download the abbreviated article here.
Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice, A. Lutz, et. al.
"Practitioners understand ‘‘meditation,’’ or mental training, to be a process of familiarization with one’s own mental life leading to long-lasting changes in cognition and emotion... Here we find that long-term Buddhist practitioners self-induce sustained electro-encephalographic high-amplitude gamma-band oscillations and phase-synchrony during meditation...These data suggest that mental training involves temporal integrative mechanisms and may induce short- term and long-term neural changes..."
—Download the full article here.
EEG and intelligence, R. Thatcher, D. Northa, C. Biver, 2005
"The purpose of the present study is to investigate the correlations between EEG and the WISC-R intelligence test using power measures and EEG network measures... In the present study, increased power, decreased coherence and shorter frontal lobe phase delays were positively correlated with intelligence, independent of age, and these measures likely reflect fundamental factors that underlay efficient cognitive functioning..."
—Download the full article here.

Treating Addiction

EEG Biofeedback as a Treatment for Substance Use Disorders, T. Sokhadze, R. Cannon, D. Trudeau , 2008
"Effectiveness in certain ‘hard to treat’ populations (conventional treatment resistant alcoholics, crack cocaine addicts, cognitively impaired substance abusers) is promising. The prospect of an effective medication free, neurophysiologic, and self-actualizing treatment for a substance based, brain impaired, and self-defeating disorder such as SUD is attractive..."
—Download the full article here.
Effects of an EEG Biofeedback Protocol on a Mixed Substance Abusing Population, W. Scott, D. Daiser, S. Othmer, S. Sideroff, 2005
"The results of this study support the efficacy of EEG biofeedback training in an inpatient drug treatment program...Ond of the more striking findings of the present study... is the ... significant improvement in five of the clinical scales: Hypochondriasis, Depression, Hysteria, Schizophrenia, and Social Introversion... there may be a reduced sense of alienation and depression, as well as defensiveness. These are vital factors in recovery..."—Download the full article here.
Native Americans, Neurofeedback, and Substance Abuse Theory, M. Kelley, 1997
"Subjective reports from participants indicated that their original neurofeedback training had been both enjoyable and self-empowering; an experience generally different from their usual treatment routine of talk-therapy and education. This internal training also appeared to naturally stimulate significant, but subtle, spiritual experiences and to be naturally compatible with traditional Navajo cultural and medicine-ways. At the three-year follow-up interview, participants typically voiced that these experiences, and their corresponding insights, had been helpful both in their ability to cope and in their sobriety..."—Download the full article here.
The Peniston-Kulkosky Brainwave Neurofeedback Therapeutic Protocol, E. Peniston, 1998
"It was concluded that alpha training may promote a more relaxed state and lead to better perceived control of stress; this may, subsequently, decrease the occurrences of stress-related drinking or stress-related craving in the recovery phase...(We) have found that combining temperature biofeedback, guided-imagery, constructed visualization, autogenic training and systematic desensitization with alpha-theta brainwave neurofeedback ... contributed to sustained prevention of relapse in alcoholics and posttraumatic stress disorder."
—Download the full article here.
The Transformational power of the Peniston Protocol: A Therapist's Experiences, N. White, 2008
"Peniston's Alpha-Theta protocol is a therapy that, although it contains elements of the five senses, by its very nature takes one beyond the five senses to personal healings and to abilities that may lie latent within us all. The Peniston protocol seems to represent a technology designed for the induction of higher states of consciousness and insight, helping to alter ones relationship to self and the world as the result of what is seen and understood in the higher states..."
—Download the full article here.

 

Further references to research can be found at:
  EEGInfo's Research page, click here.
  The Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, click here.
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